A quick look at the art of distracting your opponent from your real target

Deflection, often called distraction or decoy, is an interesting and visually pleasing tactic that helps you reach your goal by forcing your opponent to care about something else than your own target. The following example (black to move) will clarify:

In this position, the black king is the only piece defending the queen on f8. The move h7 sacrifices the pawn in order to distract the king from the defense of the queen.